Agriculture

Geographical Situation:

The Balangir District was formed on 1st November, 1949. Sonepur was carved out as a separate district on 01.04.1993. The district is bounded by Sonepur and Boudh in the east, Nuapada in the west, Kalahandi in the south and Bargarh is in the north. The District lies between 20011’40” – 21005’08” North Latitude and 82041’15” – 83040’22” East Latitude.

Balangir District is located under Western Central Table Land Agro climatic Zone characterized by hot and sub humid climate.

Basing on the physiographic and irrigation availability. Balangir District has been divided in to four Agro– ecological situations (AES) and characterized by a hot dry summer and highly erratic rainfall distribution of south–west monsoon rains i.e

  • Plain land irrigated
  • plain land Rainfed
  • undulating plain Drought Prone
  • undulating sub– mountaineous tract Rainfed.

Basic Information:

  • Geographical area in Ha – 658200
  •  Cultivated Area in ha – 345475
  • High – 189325
  • Medium – 70155
  • Low – 85995
Block wise cultivated area in Ha :
S/N Block High(Aat) High(Mal) Hight(Total) Mediium Low Total
1 Balangir 7769 6214 13983 2778 3374 20135
2 Deogaon 5543 8147 13690 3620 2865 20175
3 Gudvella 4948 1595 6543 2192 4380 13115
4 Puintala 3977 5135 9112 5413 7470 21995
5 Loisingha 9261 1993 11254 3839 6122 21215
6 Agalpur 3843 7481 11324 4828 5523 21675
DAO, Balangir 35341 30565 65906 22670 29734 118310
7 Patanagarh 15208 5229 20437 10109 10574 41120
8 Belpara 15338 5958 21296 6961 7553 35810
9 Khaprakhol 8356 7713 16069 7000 5931 29000
DAO, Patnagarh 38902 18900 57802 24070 24058 105930
10 Titilagarh 6922 3935 10857 8190 6778 25825
11 Saintala 10020 2445 12465 3253 5932 21650
12 Muribahal 10715 2856 13571 5692 7877 27140
13 Bangomunda 9818 3129 12947 3389 6974 23310
14 Tureikela 10930 4847 15777 2891 4642 23310
DAO, Titilagarh 48405 17212 65617 23415 32203 121235
Balangir Dist. 122648 66677 189325 70155 85995 345475

Soil Type:

Broadly the district has Red & Yellow, Red & Black, Black, Late–rite, Black Cotton Soil and Brown forest soil .

Normal & Actual Rainfall:

Normal & Actual Rainfall in mm 1289.8 (59.6). The district receives rainfall from the South–west monsoon during June to August. The coldest month of the district is December where as the hottest month of the district is May.

The normal annual rainfall of the district was 1440mm. (1901 to 1950) which was gone down to the average of 1289.8mm, when calculating the average from1901 to 1990. The average rainy days from 1901 to 1950 was 67days where as the average from 1901 to 1990 is 59.6 days. The above analysis of data shows the reduction of receipt of rainfall during 1951 to 1990, which should be critically observed and suitable steps should be taken to improve the environmental features.

Normal & Actual Rainfall:
Year Jan Feb Mar April May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Total
Rainfall 8.6 13.2 14.6 13.4 27.8 202.8 360.5 333.6 237.4 68.4 7.2 2.3 1289
Rainyday 0.6 1 1.2 1.2 1.9 9.2 15 14.6 10.4 3.9 0.4 0.2 59.6

The mean maximum and minimum temperature of Balangir district is 34.9 degree C and 21.0 degree C with mean morning humidity 67% and evening humidity 57 %. Some times in summer season the maximum temperature rises to above 50 degree C.

Irrigation:

The district has no perennial irrigation system except Hirakud Command area which covers very negligible areas. All the I.P. existing in the district irrigate after the receipt of good monsoon shower. The district has only 10.9 % and 4.6 % of total cultivated area with flow of irrigation system during Kharif and Rabi respectively which is also very negligible as compare to the state average. The net irrigated area of the district is 19.94 % of the total cultivated area i.e. 68893 Ha. which includes the life saving irrigation systems like Dug wells, Kata, Nalas and WHS.

Irrigation system during Kharif and Rabi
Sl No Sources Kharif Rabi
1 Major I.P. 677 350
2 Medium I.P. 8243 100
3 Minor I.P. 17656 472
4 Lift I.P. 20310 10656
5 Major lift 750 0
6 Dugwells 23206 4734
7 tubewell 17557 13455
8 Micro Lift 715 70
9 River lift 2987 1539
10 Others 10070 2768
Total 102171 34144

Natural Calamities

Every year the crops grown in the district face set back in getting in adequate rain which resulted reduction in yield.The year wise happening of major natural calamities is furnished below:

Natural Calamities
Year Calamities Year Calamities
1974 Drought 2002 Drought
1979 Drought 2004 Drought
1982 Drought & Flood 2005 Partially drought
1987 Drought 2006 Flood
1992 Drought 2007 Flood
1996 Drought 2008 Flood
1998 Drought 2009 Partialy Drought
2000 Drought 2010 Partilally drought, Unseasonal Rain
2001 Pests in Cotton 2011 Drought
2015 Drought 2017 Drought
  •  Nos of Block – 14
  •  Nos of Villages – 1771 + 5 Local bodies
  •  Nos of GP – 317 + 5 Local bodies
  •  Nos of DAO Circle – 3
  •  Nos of AAO Circle – 28
  •  Nos of VAW Circle – 235
  •  Nos of Farm – 3
  •  Nos PACS – 158

Population (2011 Census):

Male – 830097
Female – 818900
Total – 1648997
Nos of Farm Family:
Marginal Farmers – 177870
Small Farmers – 50990
Big Farmers – 20701
Total Farm Family – 249561

Seeds & Fertiliser Sale Points:
Sale Points Whole Seller(private) Retailer Cooperative Whole Seller(Government)
Seed 402 158
Fertiliser 21 815 158  02
Pesticides 44 14

Address of the Supreme Authority:

Deputy Director of Agriculture
At – Adarshapada
PO/Dist – Balangir, Pin – 767002
Tel: 06652-250195
Email: ddabolangir.dag[at]nic[dot]in